Truth In Lending

A federal law obligating a lender to give full written disclosure of all fees, terms, and conditions associated with the loan initial period and then adjusts to another rate that lasts for the term of the loan.

The Truth in Lending Act (TILA) of 1968 is a United States federal law and designed to protect Consumers in credit by requiring clear key terms of the lending arrangement and all costs. is legal in Title I of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, as amended (15 U. S. C.  ยง 1601 et seq. ). The regulations implementing the statute, which are known as "Regulation Z", are codified at 12 CFR Part 226. Most of the specific requirements imposed by TILA are found in Regulation Z, so a reference to the requirements of TILA usually refers to the requirements contained in Regulation Z, as well as the statute itself. The sole purpose of TILA is to promote the informed use of consumer credit, by requiring disclosures about its terms, cost to standardize the manner in which costs associated with borrowing are calculated and disclosed. TILA also gives consumers the right to cancel certain credit transactions that involve a lien on a consumer's principal dwelling, regulates certain credit card practices, and provides a means for fair and timely resolution of credit billing disputes. With the exception of certain high-cost mortgage loans, TILA does not regulate the charges that may be imposed for consumer credit. Rather, it requires uniform or standardized disclosure of costs and charges so that consumers can shop. It also imposes limitations on home equity plans that are subject to the requirements of Sec. 226. 5b and certain higher-cost mortgages that are subject to the requirements of Sec. 226. 32. The regulation prohibits certain acts or practices in connection with credit secured by a consumer's principal dwelling. The regulation is divided into subparts. Subpart C relates to closed-end credit. It contains rules on disclosures, treatment of credit balances, annual percentage rate calculations, right of rescission,non requirements, and advertising. Subpart D contains rules on oral disclosures, Spanish language disclosure in Puerto Rico, record retention, effect on state laws, state exemptions (which only apply to states that had Truth in Lending-type laws prior to the Federal Act), and rate limitations. Subpart E contains special rules for mortgage transactions. Section 226. 32 requires certain disclosures and provides limitations for loans that have rates and fees above specified amounts. Section 226. 33 requires disclosures, including the total annual loan cost rate, for reverse mortgage transactions. Section 226. 34 prohibits specific acts and practices in connection with mortgage transactions. Several appendices contain information such as the procedures for determinations about state laws, state exemptions and issuance of staff interpretations, special rules for certain kinds of credit plans, a list of enforcement agencies, model disclosures which if used properly will ensure compliance with the Act, and the rules for computing annual percentage rates in closed-end credit transactions and total annual loan cost rates for reverse mortgage transactions.